is not to be soothed, neither overcome, wherefore he is most hated by
of all Gods" --Agamemnon
the Olympian [Oh-lihm-pee-ahn]
the Titans [Tigh-tanz]. Zeus
(Jupiter or Jove [Joo-pih-tuhr or Johv] in Roman)
and his two
brothers, Poseidon and Hades, [Poh-sigh-dahn and
cast lots (threw dice) to settle the dispute of who would rule
which realm. Zeus,
of course, won the skies; Poseidon (Neptune
[Nehp-toon/Nehp-tyoon], in Roman) claimed the waters and Hades
(Pluto/Dis [Ploo-toh/Dihs] in Roman and Greek) acquired
which is known as The Underworld, the land of the dead which
was known simply by his name, Hades. Though many could consider
this incorrect as it is not it's proper name. Thus he became the Greek
God of the dead, though not Death himself. That office
to another of his dominion. Death's proper name was Thanatos
[Than-a-tohs], Mors [Mohrz] in Roman, who was an
different God altogether. Sometimes there is confusion on this issue.
While Thanatos was under Hades' rule it was he who
living and not the king himself.
accounts say that the
Romans called Hades Orcus
while others list Orcus as the Roman name for Thanatos.
is the opinion of the author that the later is originally true.
since the name has, for quite some time now, been used to represent Hades
rather than Thanatos I believe it is no less applicable now
than Pluto, Dis, Pluton, etc., and it may even be moreso
than some of
them. Perhaps it is this which has caused confusion and thus Hades
and Thanatos to be considered one and the same. One thing for
whether both actually shared the name Orcus originally or not
are and were two separate entities. Pluto/Dis is Hades'
name as God of riches and wealth. Dis is the Latin word
rich. However, sometimes Pluto/Pluton/Plutos seems to be a
different God from Hades altogether. He is called Pluto
God of wealth. It is a form of the Greek word Pluoton
meaning rich and was used as a term of flattery in hopes of
stern kings favour in one's direction.
variously placed in many
as being in all of them collectively or seperately. Some accounts claim
it is inside the Earth, others place it at the end of the sea and
at Avernus in Rome on the very site where the Christians built a
St. Maria Del Infernus, with this in mind it is only logical that he
be the God of wealth since his domain clearly is where all treasures
from; deep within the earth. He had a famed, magickal cap or helmet
made it's wearer invisible. He is also known as Ades, Aides
and Aidoneus [Ay-doh-neus, Ay-doh-noos, [Ay-doh-nee-uhs]
(a poetic, Roman form of Hades). Though he was often
called Plutos, it is clear that this God was initially a
diety, however. Plutos was a minor God of wealth and riches, a son of
and Iasion. His mother abandoned him in childhood however and he was
by the Goddess of peace, Eirene/Pax [Irene/Paks] one of
the Horae. Depictions of Eirene often show
a child, this is Plutos. Plutosfavoured the righteous
a discriminative extent denying the less righteous his favours. For
he was blinded as punishment by Zeus
so that he might be less
to be biased. He is the origin of the word plutocrat. In
there is also an Oceanid by the name of Pluto who was
mother of Tantalus. She is called "The Ox-eyed Pluto."
is generally accepted
that his period of worship was
between circa 1500 BCE until Christianization (circa 400 CE). These
are approximate and may be alterable more or less. His worship
centred at Pylos and seems to have been limited to there. Hades
home in The Underworld
was known as, The House Of Ais
It is described as many gated and filled with many guests.
The lands of his home are covered with asphodel, a ghostly flower
to The Underworld
alone. This spectral garden bleeds into
a massive waste land. Hades
himself is described as a
sombre and dark man with a dark, full beard and regal garb of deep
(typically blacks and crimson) carrying a bident or two-pronged harpoon
and, like Hecate
a key. The key has always been an important
in magickal religions representing the key to the unknown or
The gateway of the sub or supraconscience. It is a symbol of knowledge
and wisdom, which is usually attributed to darker Gods and Goddesses.
is said that a potent charm for worshipers of Hecate
is a brass
key found in an abandoned place. While such a key found buried in the
is an especially propitious charm for Hadean
the invisible one
) was the
son of Rhea
] and Cronus
] (see Zeus
page) and it is believed that he was their eldest child. His siblings
the baby of
He is associated with the planet Pluto
of course was named from him) and it's magickal attributes. Like the
the God himself is often depicted as a cold and distant, sombre
in myth. He is not easily moved and is unpitying, more often than not.
A greedy, moody God ever seeking to expand his realm. He quenched his
on the tears of mourners, ignored the pleas of the spirits of the dead
and rejoiced in death and the sorrow it caused the living. He had a
black rage that never seemed to swell beyond control. For all his
qualities he was the most patient of all the Gods. Perhaps because he
that whatever befell the humans he disfavoured, regardless of how
or joyous their lives might be, sooner or later they would all be one
his subjects in his realm.
rarely frequents Olympus
and when he does he
reclusive still. This suits everyone on Olympus just fine, as
is not altogether a welcome visitor to begin with. It is most likely
his lovely wife Persephone or Kore [Puhr-seh-foh-nee or Koh-ree]
(Proserpine or Proserpina [Proh-suhr-pih-nee Pro-suhr-pee-nah]
in Roman) is responsible for urging him to Olympus on the rare
that he does appear, as it is likely that few of the other divine
would do so. While he is considerably unlikeable by most he is not an
God. But he is heavy handed and can be quite unreasonable. Most Gods
Goddesses who have dealings or even loose associations with him do so
through their associations with Persephone.
is most notorious for
the Rape of Persephone,
myth (see Hecate)
where he abducted Persephone, a Goddess of the Earth
spring. She is the daughter of Demeter and Zeus.
is rather extensive and quite intertwined. I will simplify, however, I
recommend for a full understanding of the myth that you read at least
of the versions available.
was strolling through the
field when she
the lovely narcissus. She found the flower radiant beyond
compare and set
to gathering some as a gift for her beloved mother. Suddenly the day
still for a moment, then dark. Soon a terrible rumbling began deep
the Earth. The young Goddess was frightened and confused when
her the ground erupted and from the chasm emerged a golden (or black)
drawn by four coal-black steeds. Hades then took the fair
by the waist and returned to his dark realm far from the flowers and
fields and the sun. Her cries of fear tore through the forests, across
the lands and over the seas until they reached her mother's ear. Demeter
searched the whole world over for Persephone and asked every
of the wilds, but none could tell her where her beloved daughter had
It was as if the young Goddess had vanished without a trace. For nine
days Demete r searched with not even a hint of what
her child. When at long last, she came upon the Goddess Hecate
accounts say Helios, the Sun God) who left her dark cave with
torch in hand to aid her in her search. Though she and Helios
the only two in all the heavens and all the Earth who knew what
had actually happened she feigned ignorance. At long last, with Hecate's
help, it was discovered where Persephone had vanished to and Zeus
ordered that Hades return his bride to Demeter as
her sufferings the land was perishing. He agreed, knowing he could not
defy the will of Zeus.
asked lovely Persephone
to think fondly of
with her the fruit of the dead, the pomegranite. He knew that if she
of the fruit, she must return to his realm sooner or later. She
to her mother and Demeter restored the fruitfulness of the Earth.
Persephone did return to her husband as he expected
During her visits, the earth grows cold and barren as Demeter
for her daughter again. Hades was remarkablly faithful to Persephone
only having two recorded affairs. The first with the nymph Minthe
[Mihn-thee], who Persephone trod into the ground (she
as the mint plant) and Leuce [Loo-kee/Loo-see] (a
of Poseidon) who died of olde age becoming the white poplar of
the Elysian Fields (a heaven). He did seem so like his
he? Compared to the other exploits of his fellow Olympians, Hades
was extremel y loyal to his wife.
have decided to combine Hades'
information and The
information rather than make two separate articles. Hades'
is a vast, mysterious and often fearsome place. But it is not as
as it might seem nor as some might expect. Not that it can't be mind
but not all of it is. These expections are primarily caused with the
that Christians and poets have used the name Hades as an
title for their Hell forming an unfortunate association between
the two. There are no actual similarities really. This associate
the fact that parts of Hades are actually a paradise. It has
known by many names, some of these being: Hades, Hell,
Region, Lower World, Nether World, Tartarus, The House Of Hades
(Ais), Under World, Underworld.
The Underworld was
gaurded by a three headed dog (Hesiod
says he had fifty heads) named Cerberus. Cerberus [sur-ber-uhs]
was the offspring of Typhon [Tigh-fahn] a giant monster
youngest son of Gaea
[Gay-ah/Jee-ah]) and Echidna/Echidne
[Ee-kihd-na/Ee-kid-nee], half woman half serpent.
up from Hades was the twelfth labor of Hercules/Heracles/Victor
[Huhr-kyoo-leez/Hur-ah-kleez/Vihk-tuhr] (Victor was a
used by the Romans to represent many of the Gods not JUST Hercules.
The asphodel, or flower of the dead, grew wild
in the area of Tartarus known as the Asphodel Fields
of the heavens) where many heroes are believed to reside. The flower
descibed as waxen and fragrant. Many flowers have been poeticly called asphodel
over the years including: Daffodils,
lillies, and mums.
Points for research on The Underworld
The Three Judges
- Aeacus [Ee-ah-cuhs]
- A son of Zeus
[Ee-gee-nah]. A man who was made one of the judges in Hades by Zeus
due to his high integrity.
- Minos [Mih-nos]
- A son of Zeus
and Europa [Yoo-roh-pah].
The most celebrated lawgiver ever whose laws remained in effect for
1,000 years. He is the brother of Rhadamanthus and Sarpedon.
- Rhadamanthus and Sarpedon [Rad-ah-man-thus
and Sahr-pee-dahn] - Half
of Aeacus and father of Minos II. Rhadamanthus - Also known as
A son of Zeus and Europa. One of the three
judges of the dead presiding
The Five Rivers Of
[Ak-eh-rahn] - The river
of woe. One of
five which Charon [Kair-ahn], the ferryman, had to cross
with the spirits of the newly deceased in order to get them into Hades'
- Cocytus [kah-sih-tuhs] -
river of wailing
[Lee-thee] - The river of
Oblivion. Drinking from these waters makes one forget but not
Certain myths mention those who are returned to life for one reason or
another who must first drink from these waters before they may return
Earth so that they will forget the details of The Underworld.
the primative beginnings of reincarnation by many.
river of fire.
Also known as, Pyriphlegethon [Pihr-ih-fleh-geh-thahn].
[Stiks] - The river by
which the Gods
their oaths. Pity the man or immortal who swore on the river Styx and
his word! The river was named after the Goddess of the same name;
of Oceanus [Oh-shee-ann-uhs] and Tethys [Teh-thihs];
and mother of Nike (Victory), Strength and Valor. Some
include her as the mother of Persephone by Zeus,
though this is rare.
was the first to help Zeus
the war with the Titans began and he
her by making her the Goddess by which inviolable oaths were sworn.
swore by these waters and broke their word were forced to drink from
river (which caused insensibility for a year); were denied nectar and
and were banished for nine years. In addition, bathing in these waters
renders one invulnerable.
The Most Severe Punishments in Hades:
The Regions Of The
[Ah-vuhr-nuhs] - A lake in
once believed to be an entrance into The Underworld. It was considered
a part of it as well.
[Ehr-eh-buhs] - A region of
through which the dead must pass to reach Hades.
[Tahr-tahr-uhs] - The lowest
region of Hades'
realm where the most wicked are contained and punished. It is here that
the Titans were confined. Accounts describe thisregion very
According to one source it is surrounded by a brass wall and is three
darker than the darkest night. Another says it is surrounded by three
walls and by Phlegethon. Sometimes used as a name for the entire
The following is a
list of various items associated or attributed to Hades. In no
way does this infer a compleat listing of possibillities.
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